Scientists from the United Nations have unveiled a plan (IPCC). They believe it will help to limit the root causes of dangerous climate change. In a report, an essential UN body states that it is necessary to cut carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions must be cut “rapidly, deeply, and immediately”.
By mid-century, the earth would require technology to absorb CO2 from the atmosphere.
- Wind and solar power now account for 10% of global electricity production.
- Compensate farmers if they use green fertilizer.
- Climate change causes heatwaves in England and other regions.
The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its guidance on what the world can do to avoid a dangerous future. Plus, it follows a contentious approval session in which scientists and government officials went over the report in detail.
The bad news
If all of the carbon-cutting policies were put in place by governments by the end of 2020, The world would still warm by 3.2 degrees Celsius this century. The UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, expressed his displeasure with this discovery. “Some politicians and business leaders say the same thing does another. Simply put, they’re deceiving you. And the consequences will be disastrous.”
Our planet will experience ” heatwaves, terrifying storms, and widespread water shortages with such a temperature rise. “According to researchers, the world must keep global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius to avoid this fate.
The good news
The latest IPCC summary shows that lowering temperature is possible, as Mr. Guterres puts it.However, lower temperatures will necessitate significant changes in energy production, industry, transportation, consumption patterns, and how we treat the environment.
According to the IPCC, staying below 1.5 degrees, Celsius means that carbon emissions from everything must peak by 2025. And then it rapidly declines, reaching zero by the mid-century. To put it in perspective, the emission of carbon dioxide in the last century is the same amount that we have left to stay. Indeed, it is below this critical temperature threshold.
According to Heleen De Conick
“I believe the report indicates that limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius is time to make a move,” said IPCC lead author Heleen De Coninck. “We must rise our greenhouse gasses before 2025 starts and then immediately reduce them after it”, she told BBC News. “We will have to do bad emissions or co2 in the mid-twentieth century, shortly after 2050, to limit warming to 1.5 degrees.” According to the author.
According to the researchers, the next few years are critical because if emissions aren’t reduced by 2030. Therefore, it will be nearly impossible to limit warming later this century. In the short term, how we generate energy will be critical.
Solar Panel and Wind Turbine
Fortunately, solar panels and wind turbines have never been more affordable. The prices dropped by around 85% in the last decade. Greenpeace’s KaisaKosonen, IPCC observer claimed “It’s game over for the fossil fuels fueling both wars and climate chaos.
“Also, there is no room for any new fossil – fuel developments, and the coal and gas plants that we do have will have to close down early.” However, according to the author, diets and lifestyles will need to change, with huge potential for significant carbon savings.